Security control class B

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Security control class B

Security control class B The carriage card

1. What is the maximum permissible total trailer weight this car can tow? See/show in vehicle card.

2. What consequences can there be if you drive with a trailer that is too heavy? Road grip on the front wheels is reduced, course stability is reduced, braking distance is increased, danger of dazzle when the headlights are raised. What disadvantages can you experience if you have too heavy a load in the car? The driving characteristics are reduced, the braking distance is increased, as well as that it is danger of glare if the lights and the front of the car are raised.

3. How much total weight can the trailer have when the driver has a driving license at B (passenger car)? In class b, you can drive a car and trailer with a maximum total weight of 3500kg. So therefore you have to take 3500kg - the permissible total weight of the car. Then you find out the maximum total weight you can have on the trailer. Example: if the car has a maximum total weight of 2000kg, you take the maximum total weight of the car and trailer 3500kg, and subtract 2000kg. You are then allowed to drive a trailer with a maximum of 1,500 kg on your driving license at B. See/show in vehicle card. What are the consequences of driving with a trailer with too high a total weight? It is illegal that causes you to be fined. You get reduced road grip, course stability is reduced, braking distance is longer, as well as the risk of dazzle since the front is lifted by the weight at the back.

Brakes 4. Check whether the brake booster is working. Carry out check: press the brake pedal until it becomes hard (5-6 times). Keep pressing the brake pedal while starting the car. The pedal should now sink in. Is it safe to drive if the brake booster does not work? Justify the answer. As a rule, it is not advisable as this results in a reduced braking effect. As well as that the pedal becomes very heavy and hard.

5. Check the brake fluid level. Check the fluid level in the brake fluid reservoir under the hood of the car. What could be the cause of too low a level? There may be worn brake pads, which means that the braking system needs more fluid to press the brake bells against the brake discs. There may also be a leak in the brake system. Take the car to a workshop for inspection.

6. Check whether the brakes have biased traction. Drive between 30-40 km/h straight ahead, and then brake while holding the steering wheel loosely. The car must basically keep its course straight ahead. What could be the cause of warping? There is a fault with the brakes which means that they do not wear equally. If the car pulls to the left, the brakes are most worn on the right side and vice versa. Visit a workshop.

7. Check whether the two-circuit braking system/service brake warning light is working. Identify the warning light by turning on the ignition. Turns off after a few seconds. Turn it on and off. What will you do if the light comes on while driving? Stop, find possible cause (it could be that the two-circuit system is not working or that there is little brake fluid). Maybe it's a technicality error and a defective control unit. In any case, you cannot drive on.

8. Check whether the warning lamp for the ABS brakes works. Identify the warning light showing ABS with yellow lettering. Make it shine and then turn off. This is a lamp that should light up when you start the engine, and turn off automatically after a few seconds.

9. Check that the airbag warning light works. Turn on the ignition. The lamp disappears after a few seconds. If the light is red, you cannot drive on. Then the error must be repaired first.

10. Check tires and rims for damage. Visual check, check if there is anything unnatural about the wheels. What injuries are most common? Cracks in the side of the tyre, dents in the rim which lead to instability, bubbles in the side of the tyre, reinforcements in the tire will then be greatly reduced.

11. Check tire wear on both front wheels. Visual control. Are the wheels worn evenly in the pattern? What can tire wear tell you? If there is too little air pressure, the tires will be worn on the side. If there is too much air pressure, the tires will be worn in the middle. If it is worn only on one side, it may be that the alignment of the wheels is crooked.

12.Check the tread depth of the tires on both front wheels. Visual inspection, possibly using a depth gauge or tire wear warning. The minimum permitted tread depth on summer tires is 1.6 mm and on winter tires 3.0 mm. In the tire pattern there are small lumps of rubber that indicate how worn the tires are. What is the risk of driving with too little tread depth? Poor road grip, as well as an increased risk of aquaplaning.

13. What is the correct air pressure in the front wheels of this car? See the instruction book or other markings on the car. This can be on the fuel tank cap or in the door frame/on the door.

14. What is the correct tire size for this car? Check in the vehicle registration card. Check whether the front wheels have the correct dimensions. Visual control. How much load capacity must the tires have on this car? Check in the vehicle registration card. Defined as "Min. Li” and then a letter. Check whether the rear tires have the correct load capacity. Visual control. For example, the tire says "245/45R17 95W". Here is the 95 load index code. The tire must always have at least the code that appears on the vehicle registration card. The following will also be written on the tire: "Max load: 690 kg". Lights and lanterns

15. Check that all the brake lights work. Check that the brake lights on the left and right, as well as high-mounted brake lights works. Is it safe to drive when the brake lights don't work? No, it is not justified. The fault may be a blown fuse or a light bulb not working.

16. Check that the emergency light is working. Turn on the lights, check all lights outside the car. In which situation is it correct and important to use the emergency signal light? In the event of an emergency stop to mark a car, and that there may be a situation that requires extra attention.

17. Check that the dipped beam is working and that it is set correctly. Switch on the dipped beam, drive into a wall etc. to see if there is light from both lamps. Xenon lights must have automatic height adjustment. What disadvantages can there be if the dipped beam is set incorrectly? Dazzle of oncoming road users and visibility in the dark can be reduced.

18. Check whether the cornering/fog light works. Turn on the lights, visual control. What disadvantages will there be if cornering/fog lights are used incorrectly? Danger of glare, irritation or penalty for incorrect light use. Not all cars have cornering lights.

19. Check whether the rear fog lights work. Switch on the rear fog lights using the switch. What disadvantages can it have if the rear fog lights are used incorrectly? They can be very blinding, especially if you are driving in a queue. Can be perceived as brake lights.

20. Check that the parking lights, rear lights and sign lights are working. These are the lights that come on automatically when you start the car. Check that they work by walking around the car. In which situation is it important that the parking lights are in order? Parking in the dark without other light sources.

Steering 21. Check that the steering is in order. Steering wheel movement to both sides, check idle steering (max 2-3 cm), self-correction of steering, noises and whether the car is directionally stable. What could be the cause of the car pulling to one of the sides? Could be a mistake in the configuration or different air pressure on the left and right side.

22. Check whether the power steering is working. Start the engine while turning left or right. The steering wheel should then become light when you start the engine. Is it safe to drive if the power steering does not work? Yes, it can be justified, but the steering will be very heavy. If the car has electromagnetic steering, it will not be safe as this can further damage the steering.

23. Check whether the car is directionally stable. Drive the car for approx. 30 km/h with loose steering grip. The car must go straight ahead. What could be the cause of the car pulling to one of the sides. It could be incorrect air pressure, or an error in the alignment of the wheels. 

24. Find the reflective vest. It must be accessible from the driver's seat, and can for example be located in the door, i the glove compartment, under the seat or in a separate room. Where would you place the warning triangle if it becomes necessary to put it out? It must be clearly visible to other road users. Outside densely built-up areas, it should be between 100-200 m from the car and the current situation. Within densely built-up areas, the conditions should be assessed.

25. Check whether the windscreen wiper works at different speeds. Use the wiper lever to check the different speeds. What do you check on windshield wipers? Wear, tears, loose rubber or streaks during wiping.

26.Set the heater so that ice and fog on the windscreen is removed effectively. Blows up in the windshield, temperature up! Heating wires in rear window and mirrors. Set the heater as you want it while driving. Comfortable temperature.

27. Show how you would remove fog from the rear window. Press the button for heating wires in the rear window. Show how you want to remove ice or fog from the side mirrors? On our cars, it is the same button that you use to adjust the mirrors. But often it is the same button as heating wires on the rear window.

28. Check that the battery is secure. Open the hood and try to push in the battery. It should not move. What are the risks of driving with a loose battery? There may be battery acid spillage and it may cause a short circuit. In the worst case, this can lead to a fire.

29. Check that the horn works. Press the steering wheel and the horn.

30. Check that the windscreen washer works. Performed. Show where to add washer fluid. Display container under the hood. Warning light comes on at low level. Then it is still safe to drive on, because there is washer fluid left. But you must top up at the first opportunity.

31. Check all seat belts. Wear, tears and damage. Does the belt tensioner work? Check. What are the risks of using the seat belt with slack belt pretensioners? The belt will lie loose and will not tighten well enough in the event of a collision.

32.Find the warning triangle and fit it properly. Performed. How far from the car should you walk before putting it down? Mount it next to the car. Walk with the reflective side of the warning triangle forward to show yourself. Put on reflectors before you go with a triangle.

33.Switch on the emergency signal light (emergency flasher). Performed by pressing the red triangle in the car. Which lights must not be on together with the emergency signal light (emergency flashers)? High or low beam will reduce the effect of the emergency signal light. Ideally, you should have the emergency signal light alone, as it gives the best effect. If this is not possible, the emergency signal light must be combined with the parking light.

34. Check and show how the light horn works. Same as high beam, but use the high beam switch in the opposite direction. Then you can use the light horn to warn oncoming traffic of any danger.

35. Check that the airbag warning light is working. Ignition on, the light should light up and then go out. Does it matter who you put in the front seat in cars with front airbags? Children and short people can be injured when the airbag deploys.

36. Checking the engine oil level. Must be between the minimum and maximum on the engine oil dipstick. Pick up the dipstick, wipe it dry, put it back in place before picking it up and reading the level. Show the engine oil refill location.

37. What do you do in the event of a puncture? Look for a jack or other aids under the floor in the luggage compartment. Some cars only have a compressor and sealant, while others have a jack and spare wheel. If there is no such equipment, you must call roadside assistance and be taken to a tire dealer.

38. What is the maximum roof load? Look in the vehicle card. What can the consequences become if there is too much roof load? The car's center of gravity is too high. It affects the car's steering and braking characteristics. In addition, you can be fined.

39. Check if the rear light works. Ignition on. Turn the light switch from auto to on. Go behind the car and check if the rear light works. Can you drive if it doesn't work. During the day it is possible. But not in the dark. Must be fixed immediately anyway.

40. Check if the headlights work. Turn the light switch from auto to on. Drive close to a wall and see how the light works. If it is correct you can see that both lights shine out towards the ditch. What is the danger of incorrectly setting the driving lights? Dazzle hazard from oncoming traffic.


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